IRA Chronology

1858

Irish Republican Brotherhood founded in Dublin;

Fenians founded in New York City

1866-71

Fenian invasions of Canada with some units designated

Irish Republican Army

1905

Sinn Fein founded

1913

Irish Volunteers founded

1916

Easter Rising

1919

War of Independence begins

Irish Republican Army formed, led by Michael Collins

1920

Bloody Sunday

1921

Anglo-Irish Treaty ends war, establishes partition of

Irish Free State and British Northern Ireland

1922

Irish Civil War begins

Michael Collins killed in IRA ambush

1923

Irish Civil War ends

1936

Irish Republican Army banned in Irish Free State

1937

New Irish Constitution changes Free State to Erie, lays

claims to Northern Ireland

1939

IRA begins bombing campaign in Britain

1940

Sean Russell dies aboard German U-Boat

1949

Erie officially becomes the Republic of Ireland

1956-1962

 IRA Border Campaign in Northern Ireland

1969

Protestant and Catholic conflicts erupt in Northern Ireland,

renewing “the Troubles”

British troops arrive in Northern Ireland

IRA splits into Official and Provisional organizations

1971

First British soldier killed in Northern Ireland

Internment begins

1972

Bloody Sunday, fourteen demonstrators killed by British troops

Official IRA declares permanent ceasefire

Northern Ireland parliament suspended, beginning of direct

rule

IRA detonates 22 car bombs in Belfast in a single hour

1974

IRA bombings in Birmingham and Guildford

Prevention of Terrorism Act in Britain

1975

Convictions of Birmingham Six and Guildford Four

1981

Irish Republican Brotherhood founded in Dublin;

Fenians founded in New York City

1989

Bobby Sands and nine others die on hunger strike

1991

Birmingham Six released on third appeal

1998

Good Friday Agreement

Real IRA bomb kills 29 in Omagh

2005

Provisional IRA formally ends armed campaign

2011

Irish Catholic police officer killed by dissident Republicans in

Omagh

The IRA on Film and Television